číslo 2/2008

Studie

Óscar Hidalgo-Redondo: 

Electoral and Non-Electoral Lessons of the Crisis of Spanish Leftist Alliance Izquierda Unida

Electoral and Non-Electoral Lessons of the Crisis of Spanish Leftist Alliance Izquierda Unida

Author:
Óscar Hidalgo-Redondo

Abstract:
This paper analyzes the role that Izquierda Unida plays in Spanish politics and tries to assess if the reasons for its downfall are mainly provoked by the Spanish electoral system or if, on the contrary, some other elements outside the electoral mechanisms contribute greatly to the collapse of the electoral support of this party.

Keywords: Spain, Izquierda Unida, electoral system, Duverger, Mechanical and Psychological Effects.

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Jan Morkes: 

Vliv kompenzačních mandátů na proporcionalitu výstupů volební soutěže

The impact of compensatory seats on the proportionality of outputs in electoral systems

Author:
Jan Morkes

Abstract:
The text analyses compensatory seats in election systems of Denmark, Sweden and Norway. The study is focused on comparation of impact of this element and deals with problem of ideal number of compensatory seats in election system, which can ensure ideal proportionality

Keywords: Elections, proportional systems, compensatory seats, adjustment seats, proportionality, Denmark, Sweden, Norway.

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Diskuse

Guido Legnante: 

Electoral system, political supply and TV visibility: a comparison between the 2006 and 2008 elections

Electoral system, political supply and TV visibility: a comparison between the 2006 and 2008 elections

Author:
Guido Legnante

Abstract:
This article proposes some reflections and data on the topic regarding the visibility of parties and their leaders on television during the electoral campaigns in 2006 and 2008, with the aim of addressing whether the changes in the structure of the political supply between the two elections were associated with substantial differences in the visibility granted to the running parties.

Keywords: Italy, Electoral system, Porcellum, Electoral Campaign, TV visibility.

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Články

Maxmilián Strmiska:

Volební arény ve víceúrovňových uspořádáních. Poznámka k pojetí volebního prostoru

Electoral Arenas in Multi-Level Settings: A Comment on the Conceptualization of Electoral Space

Author:
Maxmilián Strmiska

Abstract:
The article focuses on the notion of electoral arena and upon its role in the study of electoral competition in multi–level institutional settings. The author argues that this conceptual tool should not be underestimated. The concept of electoral arena enables us to elaborate sophisticated descriptions and comparative analyses of intra-level as well as across-level territorial congruence of electoral behavior and party competition patterns.

Keywords: Electoral arena; multi–level settings; party competition; electoral behavior.

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Jakub Kyloušek:

Analýza proměny zastupitelů na úrovni městských částí v Brně letech 1994–2006

The analysis of the personal changes in Brno local councils in the period 1994-2006

Author:
Jakub Kyloušek

Abstract:
Each election involves the personal changes in the structure of elected authority. In some cases the only possibility to be re-elected is the nomination to the list one of the oponent political party. The analysis focuses on personal changes and the phenomenon of party-switching in Brno local councils in the period 1994-2006.

Keywords: party-switching, local election, political parties, political affiliation, Brno.

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Otto Eibl:

Introducing CODER: an on-line database of electoral results

Introducing CODER: an on-line database of electoral results

Author:
Otto Eibl

Abstract:
This paper introduces CODER, an on-line analytical software and database tool for the study of elections and their results. It contains electoral data from the countries of Central and Eastern Europe from 1990 to the present and allows analyses of three basic types: synchronic, diachronic and a combination of the two. In inputting a multistep query, the user filters the data, thus receiving a highly personalized output which only contains information he requested (the output can be immediately broadened through hyperlinks). The first part of this text consists of a technical description of the application. The second part is dedicated to a simple example: a case study of electoral behaviour of the voters in the Czech Republic, which demonstrates a practical application of the programme, including links to third-party software.

Keywords: Elections, analytical software, database, Central and Eastern Europe.

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Vlastimil Havlík:

Na imigrantské vlně – volby do Folketingu v roce 2007

On an immigration wave – The Folketing Elections 2007

Author:
Vlastimil Havlík

Abstract:
This article desribes the 2007 general election in Denmark. The election ended with a narrow win for the governing right-centre coalition of Liberal and Conservative Party and its parliamentary ally the Danish People’s Party. The electoral contest was a triumph for the Socialist People’s Party and to a lesser degree the Danish People’s Party. The major loser of the election was Social Liberal Party, Social democracy also recorded losses. The New Alliance became a new parliamentary party. The new government coalition is composed of the Liberal and Conservative Party which are supported by the Danish People’s Party.

Keywords: Denmark, election, Venstre, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, New Alliance, Dansk Folkeparti, Socialdemokratiet i Danmark.

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Markéta Smrčková:

Evropské volby v Rumunsku a referendum o změně volebního systému

European elections in Romania and the referendum about the change of electoral system

Author:
Markéta Smrčková

Abstract:
The aim of this paper is analysis of the elections to the European Parliament in Romania held on 25. November of 2007. At the same date there was held also the referendum about the change of the electoral system. The study includes analysis of the political situation before the elections, constitutional aspects of the elections and referendum, exact results and the consequences for the political scene especially in situation of coming parliamentary elections.

Keywords: Romania, elections to the European Parliament, referendum, electoral system, party system.

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Barbora Dudáková:

Volby do parlamentu Ålandských ostrovů 2007

Elections to the Åland Islands’ Parliament 2007

Author:
Barbora Dudáková

Abstract:
The paper presents the results of the election to the Åland Islands’ Parliament (Lagting) that took place 21st October 2007. Despite the election bringing some power reallocation among the main political parties, no significant party system modification occurred. The paper deals in a nutshell with the electoral system applied, main issues discussed during the election campaign, election results and territorial differences in the size of electoral support for individual political parties across the municipalities.

Keywords: Autonomous province, Electoral support, Electoral system, Finland, Parliamentary elections, Political parties, Åland Islands.

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Recenze

StáhnoutVlastimil Havlík, Michal Pink: Šaradín, Pavel: Teorie voleb druhého řádu a možnosti jejich aplikace v České republice.