číslo 2/2007

Studie

Jakub Kyloušek, Michal Pink: 

Electoral support for the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia in parliamentary elections in the Czech Republic after 1990

Authors:

Jakub Kyloušek
Michal Pink

Abstract:

The purpose of this text is to find an answer to the question of where Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia enjoys the highest degree of support within the Czech Republic, and whether this support has or has not been stable over the last sixteen years. The basic data file is made up of election results since 1990 compiled by district. The distribution of electoral support will be correlated with selected socioeconomic statistics such as rate of unemployment, suicides, divorces, average wages, and religious faith. On this basis the text will analyze the interdependence of electoral behaviour.

Keywords: election, electoral geography, Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia, the Czech Republic

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Kateřina Vráblíková: 

Vliv volebních systémů na politickou reprezentaci žen v postkomunistických zemích

Influence of the Electoral Systems on the Political Representation of the Women in Post-Communist Countries

Author:
Kateřina Vráblíková

Abstract:
This paper examines the relationship between electoral systems and female political representation in post-communist states. West European research has suggested that more women are elected in proportional representation systems (PR) than in majoritarian ones, and points out PR’s characteristics (district magnitude, electoral thresholds and closed party lists) as the main explanatory factors. I find that unlike western democracies, post-communist states do not follow these presumptions. Neither basic electoral type nor the characteristics of PR systems explain low women’s representation in national legislatures of post-communist states.

Keywords: electoral systems, women’s representation, post-communist states.

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Články

Maxmilián Strmiska: 

Volební arény, obvody a regionální oblasti. Poznámka k výběru a pojetí teritoriálních jednotek analýzy volebního chování ve víceúrovňových uspořádáních

Electoral Arenas, Districts, and Regional Areas: A Comment on Choosing and Defining Territorial Units of Analysis of Electoral Behaviour in Multi-Level Settings

Author:
Maxmilián Strmiska

Abstract:
The article comments upon choosing and defining territorial units of analysis in the study of elections in multi–level institutional settings. The issue seems to be quite important because of an increasing demand put on both intra–level and across–levels comparability of electoral data. The article discuss some research implications and consequences of the use of the concepts of electoral arena, voting district and regional area for assessing of the territorial congruence and/or homogeneity of electoral behavior within as well as among (horizontally) and/or between (vertically) electoral arenas.

Keywords: elections; analysis; electoral arena; regional area; multi–level settings.

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Jakub Kyloušek:

Aspekty politologického výzkumu v městských aglomeracích

Aspects of Political Research in Metropilitan Areas

Author:
Jakub Kyloušek

Abstract:
Progressive suburbanization in post-comunist area changes the sociodemographic structure of the city. This changing process (migration of middle-class from the core city into the suburban zones) re-defines electors´ behaviour in the city and its agglomeration. The aim of this articel is to delimit the metropolitan area according to needs of detailed election research. On the example of Brno agglomeration the text compares different approaches how to define the suburban area according to existing sociodemographic data and comparable election data.

Keywords: agglomeration, election, election research, suburbanization.

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Pavel Maškarinec:

Parlamentní volby na Islandu – květen 2007

The Parliamentary Election in Iceland – May 2007

Author:
Pavel Maškarinec

Abstract:
This article deals with the election to the Iceland parliament (Alting) held on the 12th May 2007. This election has brought termination of the current government coalition and creation of a new form of government composition. The article describes electoral system, situation before the election and analyses election results. The results of the election are compared with the results of the parliamentary elections in 2003.

Keywords: Iceland, elections, party system, SF, S, VG, FSF, FF, IH.

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Eva Kneblová:

Volby do Severoirského shromáždění v roce 2007

Northern Ireland Assembly Elections 2007

Author:
Eva Kneblová

Abstract:
The article deals with the election of the Northern Ireland Assembly – held in March 2007. The article describes the situation before elections and the electoral system, and analyses the election results. Attention is also paid to a comparision of the support of the main political parties in the Northern Ireland Assembly Elections and House of Commons elections.

Keywords: Northern Ireland, elections, party system, STV.

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Jan Obludník:

Parlamentní volby v Rakousku v roce 2006

Parliamentary Elections in Austria in 2006

Author:
Jan Obludník

Abstract:
The article deals with the austrian parliamentary elections held at the beginning of October 2006. In the opening part author closely introduces relevant features of the electoral system, next ones focus on election campaign and election results. The attention is above all paid to the differences in electoral support for particular political parties in nine electoral districts. In conclusion you can find some information about difficult formation of the new governing coalition.

Keywords: Austria, Austrian political parties, Electoral districts, Electoral system, Parliamentary elections.

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Leona Kleinová:

Parlamentní volby v Estonsku 2007

Parliamentary Elections in Estonia 2007

Author:
Leona Kleinová

Abstract:
The article presents the results of March 2007 parliamentary elections in Estonia. The main attention is paid to the results of the 2007 election which are compared with the results of the parliamentary elections in 2003. The territorial support of the main Estonian political parties is also analysed.

Keywords: Estonia, elections, electoral system, political parties.

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