číslo 2/2011

Studie

Michal Pink, Marta Mašterová, Martin Švec, Kristýna Žůrková: 

Personální stabilita a proměna zastupitelských sborů okresních měst Zlínského kraje a Vysočiny po roce 1990

Personální stabilita a proměna zastupitelských sborů okresních měst Zlínského kraje a Vysočiny po roce 1990

Authors:
Michal Pink
Marta Mašterová
Martin Švec
Kristýna Žůrková

Abstract:
Party switching is a long standing problem relevant both to the political and academical debate. This article focuses on party switching within the elected local authorities in the Czech Republic. The data sample consists of local councils in district towns of the regions Zlínský kraj and Vysočina, therefore including nine councils. Two points are examined in detail: How many times was each individual council member re-elected within the of the last two decades and whether they were re-elected from the same party lists or if their party affiliation changed over time.

Keywords: Zlínský region, Vysočina region, municipal policy, municipal assembly, party – switching

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Petr Voda:

Geografie volební podpory KDU-ČSL 1920 až 2010

Geografie volební podpory KDU-ČSL 1920 až 2010

Author:
Petr Voda

Abstract:
This article deals with the electoral support of the Czechoslovakian People’s Party and its successor Christian Democratic Union – Czechoslovakian People’s Party in general elections since 1920 till 2010. Spatial patterns and stability/change of electoral support are described. Bivariate statistical methods and GIS methods are employed to better examination and visualization of matter of study. The analysis is made on districts courts level, thus all data are transformed to the situation of 1930.The results show South Eastern Moravia and Vysočina region as areas with traditional and high support for the KDU-ČSL. The correlation of electoral is high through the whole period, especially in times of the first republic. Elections in 2002 are the only exception, because KDU-ČSL made the coalition with Union of Freedom.

Keywords: electoral support, Czechoslovakian People’s Party, electoral geography, area of electoral support

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Volby ve víceúrovňové perspektivě

Maxmilián Strmiska:

Studying Sets of Electoral Levels: Toward a Conceptual Framework

Studying Sets of Electoral Levels: Toward a Conceptual Framework

Author:
Maxmilián Strmiska

Abstract:
The paper focuses on the issues arising from the conceptualisation of the electoral space. It strives for a conceptualisation of electoral space that would allow adequately to interconnect individual types of elections with the respective spaces of electoral competition and electoral behaviour, but also to render the territorial and institutional differentiation of these spaces.

Keywords: Multi-level settings; electoral space; conceptualization.

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Pavel Maškarinec, Roman Chytilek:

Je možné využít Taageperova přístupu ke studiu účinků volebních systémů na jiné než národní úrovni voleb?

Je možné využít Taageperova přístupu ke studiu účinků volebních systémů na jiné než národní úrovni voleb?

Authors:
Pavel Maškarinec
Roman Chytilek

Abstract:
This article tries to show the possibilities of application Rein Taagepera’s predictive logic for predicting the number and magnitude of political parties on the sub-state level. Specifically, it seeks to explore the possibilities of predictions of three variables characterizing party systems at the regional level in Poland and Holland – number of seat-winning parties, seat share of the largest party, and effective number of parties. Results of research show that the most predicted values of these variables are outside the limits, that allow acceptance of the model. Results also show that the biggest problem of Taagepera’s concept is in setting of the one of the three indispensable features of the electoral systems – seat allocation formula, or more precisely ‘formula exponent’. Our findings suggest that if we seek to adjust the value of formula, we would have to do this not only for each particular electoral system, according to its specific features, but also for each of variables, because one central value of the exponent would likely work for for individual variables in a different direction. The fact that it is probably not possible to find a one quantitative value for exponent of the seat allocation formula, which could be used for a larger group of countries, or even in the analysis within one country (on regional level), thus significantly reduces the overall predictive capacity of the Taagepera’s approach.

Keywords: Electoral systems, elections, predicting the number and magnitude of political parties, simple electoral systems, party systems, seat product, number of seat-winning parties, seat share of the largest party, effective number of parties.

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Maxmilián Strmiska:

Electoral Options in Three-Level Settings of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia: a Contribution to Their Typology

Electoral Options in Three-Level Settings of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia: a Contribution to Their Typology

Author:
Maxmilián Strmiska

Abstract:
The major purpose of the article is to contribute to the typology of parties embodying “electoral options” with different territorial pervasiveness and to the characterization of electoral levels in the three-layered settings of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia. Building on the conceptual framework elaborated by Kris Deschouwer, the author foreground a perspective on electoral space(s) in multi-level settings that places the greatest importance on evaluating and comparing the horizontal properties of the individual electoral levels.

Keywords: Multi-level settings; electoral levels; typology; Czech Republic; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia; conceptualization.

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Články

Barbora Dudáková a Vlastimil Havlík:

Populismus na vzestupu – finské parlamentní volby 2011

Populism on the Rise – The 2011 Parliamentary Election in Finland

Authors:
Barbora Dudáková
Vlastimil Havlík

Abstract:
The results of 2011 Eduskunta election broke several historical records. For the first time in the history, the conservative National Coalition Party ended up as the winner of the elections. The election resulted in a breakthrough for the populist True Finns while every other parliamentary party in mainland Finland lost popularity. The total turnout rose in comparison to the previous election. After the elections, the six parties (excluding ex-agrarians and True Finns) came to an agreement on forming a coalition government, led by Katainen and consisting of 19 ministers.

Keywords: Finland, True Finns, Timo Soini, rainbow coalition, elections, personalization, protest vote, populism.

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