This article describes and analyses the Slovak parliamentary elections in 2010. The main focus is on the stability and variability of electoral support for each political party. The impact of new political parties, Most/Híd and Sloboda and Solidarita, on the party system is also detailed in the paper. Correlation analysis and the analysis of variability are used to analyze election results. One section of the text consists of a chapter describing voter participation in the election.
Keywords: Slovakia, elections, Rober Fico, Iveta Radičová, 2010, Slovak National Council
This study deals with the continuity of the electoral support in Liberec Region. Eight parliamentary elections which were realized between 1925 and 2010, are examined here. The basic level of the analysis is the level of municipalities. There are used statistics and comparative methods for explanation of electoral support. The method of the study is based on analysing the spatial variability of electoral results, time-space stability of voting patterns, and research of stability/instability of the territorial support (an area of electoral support), which shows municipalities where the particular parties are successful in the long term. There was found that continuity of the electoral support differs in the case of particular parties, and the most significant continuity of the electoral support has been discovered in the case of the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People‘s Party.
Keywords: Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic, Liberec Region, elections, electoral geography, political parties, electoral behaviour, voting patterns, spatial variability, area of electoral support
The paper deals with the Hungarian electoral system as it represents a case of initiation of special features in electoral engineering by post-communist countries after the year 1989. The analysis is done through use of the French two-round majority system as a primary basis for comparison. The aim of the paper is to discover whether the nominal component of the Hungarian system prevails in its summary effects or if the other parts represent a blocking mechanism moving the system closer to PR systems.
Keywords: Hungary, France, elections, electoral systems, proportionality, radical and extremist parties, electoral strategies
The paper deals with selected questions which are connected with party system stability calculation based on the Pedersen index of volatility. Problems of the category of the “other” parties, independent candidates and members of the parliament, identification of continuity and discontinuity of political parties are discussed. For the “other” parties three alternatives of calculation are identified, two of them are favoured and the remaining is found unsatisfactory for the methodologically correct calculation of the index. In case of the independents there are four alternatives. The methodologically most preferable alternative is found too complicated for the data collection, out of the other alternatives the choosing of most preferable alternative must be based on the goal of the research whether the independents would be seen as one phenomenon persisting in the respective party system, or could be omitted in the calculation. In case of the difference between “old” and “new” parties there are several complications which could be solved only partly and there would be always some cases which needed to be explained and solved individually regarding the specifics of the party system development.
Keywords: party system stability, volatility, independent candidates, unknown parties, new parties, party replacement, Pedersen index
The Bitter Taste of a Victory. The 2010 Parliamentary Election in Sweden. The parliamentary elections which were held in Sweden in September 2010 can be characterid by several never-before-seen moments. The electoral support of the Social democratic party dropped to the lowest level since the 1911 elections despite the fact that a new leftist pre-electoral alliance including the social democrats, the leftist socialists and the greens was formed. At the same time, the Moderates reached the best electoral result in the last one hundred years. On the other hand, the electoral support of other right-wing parties dropped. For the first time in history, the Sweden Democrats, an anti-immigration and right-wing populist party secured enough votes to get over the electoral support. After the elections, no one of the two blocs gained majority in the parliament which led to the continuation of the right-centre government, this time in the minority position.
Keywords: Sweden, elections.