číslo 1/2010

Studie

Pavla Čiháková, Stanislav Balík: 

Kontinuita, stabilita, marginalita, dynamika

Kontinuita, stabilita, marginalita, dynamika

Authors:
Pavla Čiháková
Stanislav Balík

Abstract:
The paper tries to show the (non)uniformity of the electoral behavior in municipalities of the Vysočina Region. In research there are included parliamentary elections in 1996, 1998, 2002 and 2006 and local elections 1994, 1998, 2002 and 2006. Results of research show differences in electoral behavior of voters of one party in both types of elections. And it detects differences between political parties too. The smallest diversity was detected in the case of communistic party.

Keywords: Electoral behavior; micro system analysis; quantitative analysis; parliamentary elections; local elections; Vysočina Region.

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Libor Hoskovec, Stanislav Balík:

Formáty českých lokálních stranických systémů

Regionální rozdíly ve volebních výsledcích v České republice – parlamentní volby 1996-2006

Authors:
Libor Hoskovec
Stanislav Balík

Abstract:
The goal of this article is to answer the question which size-cathegories of municipalities are relevant for the recearch of local party systems in the Czech Republic and in which size-cathegories this research is pointless. Using the quantitative analysis of statistical data, the authors come to a result which is presented in conclusion of the article. Even though the result is foreseeable, this is the first time that it has been achieved not by pure observation, but is based on the analysis of statistical data.

Keywords: Local politics; local party systems; formats of local party systems; size-cathegories of municipalities; political parties; independent candidates

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Články

Maxmilián Strmiska:

Výzkum volební soutěže a stranických soustav ve víceúrovňových uspořádáních: Poznámka k výběru pojmového rámce.

Výzkum volební soutěže a stranických soustav ve víceúrovňových uspořádáních: Poznámka k výběru pojmového rámce.

Author:
Maxmilián Strmiska

Abstract:
The article deals with the choice of a conceptual framework for description and analysis of party configurations in multi-level institutional settings. It discusses some preconditions and consequences of application of two possible organizing concepts: the multi-level party system and/or the multi-level set of party arrangements. It argues that conceptualization of the multilayered party system has always been very complicated task. Moreover, in the case of markedly diversified inter-party competitions this concept appears to be of little use. The more suitable option seems to be to begin with a description of party configurations stemming from electoral contests at different institutional levels without any presumption that these configurations necessarily form (or belong to) a single over-arching party system. They could and should be conceived as parts of a multi-level set of party arrangements. This approach enables sophisticated assessments of systemic properties of varied groups of party configurations.

Keywords: party system; set of party arrangements; party competition; multi-level settings; elections.

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Vlastimil Havlík:

Jens versus Jensová. Norské parlamentní volby 2009

Jens vs. Jensen. The 2009 parliamentary elections in Norway.

Author:
Vlastimil Havlík

Abstract:
The results of the 2009 elections to the Norwegian parliament (Storting) gave majority to the left-centre political parties and enabled forming of the second consecutive coalition cabinet of social democrats, socialists and centrists (former agrarians) led by Jens Stoltenberg. The Progress party led by Siv Jensen finished in second place and managed to keep the position of the strongest right-centre party. The article which tries to analyze the elections is divided into four main parts. The first part is focused on description of the electoral system, the second part offers a short overview of the situation efore the elections. The third part aims at analyzing the results of the elections and the final part focuses on possible consequences of the elections in the context of evolution of the Norwegian party system.

Keywords: Norway; elections; electoral system; Storting; electoral geography; social democracy; the Progress party; Jens Stoltenberg; Siv Jensen; party system; coalition government

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Michal Mochťak:

Mexiko: voľby do dolnej komory Kongresu únie, 5. júl 2009

Mexican parliamentary elections in July 2009

Author:
Michal Mochťak

Abstract:
The article analyses the Mexican parliamentary elections in July 2009. Detailed description of the electoral system, brief context of revolutionary comeback of PRI as a most powerful party and geographical redistribution of support are provided in the text. Also is identified new phenomenon in election which refers to increase of voting against all—blank vote (voto en blanco).

Keywords: Mexico; blank vote; PRI; Political parties; Parliamentary elections; Electoral system.

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Václav Brachtl:

Změna volebního systému v Albánii v roce 2009 a její dopad na parlamentní volby

Parliamentary Elections in Greenland in 2009

Author:
Václav Brachtl

Abstract:
The article deals with the election to the Greenlandic parliament held on 2nd June 2009. In the first part, there is a short description of the Greenlandic party system development since 1979. Then, the contemporary Electoral system is introduced. The last part presents the results of the Landsting election. Attention is also paid to the differences in the territorial support of the main political parties.

Keywords: Greenland; election; electoral system; Landsting; Siumut; Atassut; Inuit Ataqatigiit; Demokraatit; Kattusseqatigiit.

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Peter Plenta:

Voľby do nitrianskeho vyššieho územného celku

Voľby do nitrianskeho vyššieho územného celku

Author:
Peter Plenta

Abstract:
This article presents the election campaign, the conduct and results of regional elections in the Nitra self-governing region in November 2009. This self-governing region has some specifics that affect the elctoral strategies of political parties. Majority system and the existence of numerous Hungarian minority constitute a specific Electoral contest, which is not repeated anywhere else in Slovakia.

Keywords: self-governing region; election system; political parties; regional coalition; candidates; election campaign

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